Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

German-born van der Rohe, who lived between 1886 and 1969, inspired many generations of modern architecture with his minimalistic approach. During his childhood years, when he started working as a stonemason with his father, he gained some knowledge about materials and texture. In later years, he worked as an apprentice with furniture designer Bruno Paul in Berlin and started working with Peter Behrens, one of the pioneers of modern architecture.
He opened his own office in Berlin in 1912 and became one of the representatives of German modern movement with his furniture, housing project and skyscraper designs. In 1929, he was chosen to design the German Pavilion building Barcelona. Featuring horizontal and vertical glass panels blended with stone and metal, the design received great acclaim. Mies used Barcelona Chair and Ottoman seating units inside the building and created a space where Spanish king and queen could rest. The building and the seating units it houses have been known as the key elements of modern design around the world. Having moved to the U.S. in 1938, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe started as an architectural director at Armour Institute. Here, he designed the IIT campus which changed the architectural façade of the U.S. and Seagram building in New York