Born in Utrecht in 1888, Gerrit Thomas Rietveld is an architect and furniture designer known for his application of the principles of the “de Stijl” movement. He worked as an apprentice in his father’s carpentry workshop between 1899 and 1906, and studied architecture in Utrecht.
Rietveld joined the “de Stijl” movement in 1918 and, during that period, he designed the red-and-blue chair renowned for its emphasis on the use of main colors. This chair was a perfect example of the application of the principles of the “de Stijl” movement. The designer also designed a small jeweler’s shop, one of the first examples of the architectural application of the principles of the movement, in Amsterdam in 1921.
In 1928, he became a member of Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM). Among the highlight works of the architect and designer are the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, Schröder House in Utrecht, “Row Houses,” and the Dutch pavilion at 1954 Venice Biennial.